05/06/2008 10-Q for CHORDIANT SOFTWARE INC (CIK - 1042134 /SIC - 7372)
EXTRACT FROM REPORT
We may encounter unexpected delays in maintaining the requisite internal controls over financial reporting and we expect to incur additional expenses and diversion of management’s time as a result of performing future system and process evaluation, testing and remediation required to comply with future management assessment and auditor attestation requirements.
In connection with the Company’s compliance with Section 404 under SOX for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2006 and 2005, we identified certain material weaknesses. In future periods, we will continue to document our internal controls to allow management to report on, and our independent registered public accounting firm to attest to, our internal control, over financial reporting as required by Section 404 of SOX, within the time frame required by Section 404. We may encounter unexpected delays in implementing those requirements, therefore, we cannot be certain about the timely completion of our evaluation, testing and remediation actions or the impact that these activities will have on our operations. We also expect to incur additional expenses and diversion of management’s time as a result of performing the system and process evaluation, testing and remediation required to comply with management’s assessment and auditor attestation requirements. If we are not able to timely comply with the requirements set forth in Section 404 in future periods, we might be subject to sanctions or investigation by the regulatory authorities. Any such action could adversely affect our business or financial results.
NOTE 11—INCOME TAXES
Effective October 1, 2007, the Company adopted FIN No. 48 “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes — an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109”. FIN 48 prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement guidance for the financial statement reporting of uncertain tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a company’s income tax return. FIN 48 also provides guidance related to recognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure, and transition matters related to uncertain tax positions. FIN 48 utilizes a two-step approach for evaluating uncertain tax positions accounted for in accordance with SFAS 109. Step one, recognition, requires a company to determine if the weight of available evidence indicates that a tax position is more likely than not to be sustained upon audit, including the resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. Step two, measurement, is based on the largest amount of benefit, which is more likely than not to be realized on ultimate settlement. The cumulative effect of adopting FIN 48, if any, is recorded as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings as of the adoption date.
The net income tax liabilities recognized under FIN 48 did not materially differ from the net assets recognized before adoption, and, therefore, the Company did not record an adjustment to retained earnings related to the adoption of FIN 48. At the adoption date of October 1, 2007, the Company had $0.8 million of unrecognized tax benefits related to tax positions taken in prior periods, $0.2 million of which would affect our effective tax rate if recognized. There were no material changes to the amount of unrecognized tax benefits during the first six months of fiscal 2008.
The Company recognized accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in the Provision for Income Taxes. The Company had less than $0.1 million accrued for interest and penalties as of March 31, 2008.
The Company files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various state and foreign jurisdictions. With few exceptions, all U.S. federal, state and United Kingdom tax years between 1995 and 2007 remain open to examination due to net operating loss carryforwards and credit carryforwards. Tax years 2002 and later remain open to examination in the Netherlands, tax years 2003 and later remain open to examination in Canada and years 2004 and later remain open to examination in Germany.
An audit of the 2005 tax year is currently in process in the Netherlands. The Company does not expect resolution of this audit to have a material impact on our financial statements and the Company does not expect a significant increase or decrease in unrecognized tax benefits over the next 12 months.
The Company provides a valuation allowance for deferred tax assets when it is more likely than not that the net deferred tax assets will not be realized. Based on a number of factors, including the lack of a history of profits prior to 2007 and the fact that the market in which we compete is intensely competitive and characterized by rapidly changing technology, the Company believes that there is sufficient uncertainty regarding the realization of deferred tax assets such that a full valuation allowance has been provided. At March 31, 2008, the Company had approximately $127.6 million and $18.9 million of net operating loss carryforwards for federal and state purposes, respectively, and net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $34.5 million in the United Kingdom. As a result of an IRC Section 382 study completed during fiscal 2008, it was determined that $19.6 million of net operating loss carryforwards resulting from the acquisition of Prime Response will expire unutilized. The $127.6 million in total federal net operating loss carryforwards is presented net of these Section 382 limitations. Upon being realized, the remaining $13.8 million of the Prime Response federal net operating loss carryforwards would reduce goodwill and intangibles recorded at the date of acquisition before reducing the tax provision. Approximately $3.5 million of additional net operating loss carryforwards are related to stock option deductions which, if utilized, would be accounted for as an addition to equity rather than as a reduction of the provision for income taxes. The net operating loss carryforwards are available to offset future federal and state taxable income and expire in years from 2008 through 2026. At March 31, 2008, there are approximately $3.5 million of federal research and development credits and alternative minimum tax credits that expire in years 2011 through 2027. At March 31, 2008, there were also California state credits of approximately $3.5 million that do not expire.